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Archaeology Matters

Research Reports

A selection of research reports

CBA Research Reports bring together the research and findings from some of the most in-depth and innovative studies in our discipline.  The scope of these reports is incredibly wide and touches on most aspects of our field. 

Available titles are shown in alphabetical order below.

The Archaeology of English Battlefields
Conflict in the pre-industrial landscape

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Warfare looms large in the history of every nation – every country has its Battle of Hastings or Waterloo – yet it is surprisingly difficult to identify battle sites in the landscape. Battlefield archaeology is one of the newest areas of archaeological investigation, originating in work at the Little Bighorn (USA) in 1984. Here we see the results of using these methods in the UK, including at iconic sites such as Bosworth and Towton.

This volume presents the results of the first national assessment of English battlefields. The primary written sources are complemented by the results of extensive fieldwork, computer-based terrain reconstruction, and scientific analysis of artefacts recovered from battlefields, allowing the sites of several notable battles to be located firmly for the first time.

Battlefield archaeology rests heavily on the recording of metal artefact scatters across the landscape, and the book explores the most effective way of recovering this material. The authors’ proposed methodology for investigating battlefield locations is validated by the recent identification of the precise location of the Battle of Bosworth, some 3km from the traditional site. Experiments on ordnance recovered from battlefields are enhancing our understanding of the development of gunpowder weapons.

The evidence for battles from prehistory to the mid fifteenth century is summarised and is followed by detailed descriptions of battles from the Wars of the Roses, as well as notable conflicts of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The book concludes with some suggestions for the future management of these important sites.

Author: Glenn Foard Richard Morris
198 pages, ISBN: 978-1-902771-88-5

More information and orders via Oxbow books.

The Bronze Age in the Severn Estuary

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Archaeological fieldwork in the inter-tidal zone of the Severn Estuary over the past twenty years has revealed a rich landscape of prehistoric settlement. This latest volume by Professor Martin Bell presents the evidence for the Bronze Age, focusing on sites at Redwick and Peterstone in the Gwent Levels.

At Redwick, a settlement of four rectangular buildings, defined by well-preserved timber posts dating to the middle Bronze Age (1600–940 cal BC), is surrounded by footprint-tracks of animals and humans. Peterstone and other locations in the estuary have revealed a variety of wood artefacts and structures, and features such as fish traps, trackways and sites of seasonal encampments. The relationship between the wetland and dry ground settlements around the estuary is explored in detail, through artefacts, pollen and stable isotope analysis. The author concludes that there is clear evidence for transhumance throughout the Bronze Age. In the final chapters the author compares the Severn Estuary with other coastal sites of the Bronze Age in Britain and continental Europe.

Martin Bell is Professor of Archaeology at the University of Reading. His principal research interests include the way in which archaeology can help the understanding of environmental change, and coastal archaeological environments. He has been carrying out research into the prehistory of the Severn Estuary for 30 years. The detailed reporting of this internationally important research makes this book essential reading for all professional and student archaeologists with an interest in prehistory and environmental change.

Author: Martin Bell
416 pages, ISBN: 978-1-902771-94-6

More information and orders via Oxbow Books.

Claimed by the Sea
Salcombe, Langdon Bay, and other marine finds of the Bronze Age

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First discovered by sport divers in the 1970s, the two remarkable seabed finds of prehistoric bronze metalwork described here quickly became a testing ground for the new discipline of underwater archaeology, initially under the leadership of the pioneering maritime archaeologist Keith Muckelroy. A haul of 361 bronzes from Langdon Bay, Kent, represents one of the largest deposits from Bronze Age Europe. Dating to the thirteenth century BC, the collection is diverse in character and originates in various parts of western Europe and the British Isles. The assemblage from Salcombe, Devon covered here is of similar date with a unique combination of types and materials; further finds have since been made at this site.

Neither site having yielded any ship’s remains, all possible mechanisms for deposition are reviewed, including erosion of coastal deposits and ritual deposition at sea. Extensive comparative analysis favours the conclusion that the unparalleled Langdon Bay and Salcombe assemblages represent material spilled or jettisoned from boats in trouble.

For the first time, maritime archaeologists, period specialists, scientists and coastal geomorphologists, bring together research on these two exceptional sites: history of discovery, evaluation of context and character, detailed scientific analyses and a fully illustrated catalogue. Nineteen further marine finds of Bronze Age metalwork are also documented, models for seaborne exchange are reconsidered and cultural attitudes to the terre/mare interface are discussed.

As the first full publication of these exceptional sites, this book will be essential reading for Bronze Age specialists, working in the field or museums, and for underwater archaeologists. At the same time, it is a fascinating read for all archaeologists, be they professional, students or interested amateurs.

Authors: Stuart Needham, Dave Parham, Catherine J Frieman
240 pages ISBN: 978-1-902771-95-3

More information and orders via Oxbow Books.

Cult, Religion, and Pilgrimage
Archaeological Investigations at the Neolithic and Bronze Age Monument Complex of Thornborough, North Yorkshire

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The three large henges found adjacent to the village of Thornborough, near Ripon in North Yorkshire, lie at the heart of one of the most important Neolithic landscapes in the British Isles While the henges were first recorded in the eighteenth century, recent fieldwork has shown them to be part of a much larger ‘sacred landscape’ of the later Neolithic and Bronze Age which includes barrows, pit alignments and a cursus. Surrounding fields have yielded a rich collection of prehistoric flint artefacts. While the henges have all been damaged, either by agriculture or quarrying, they remain major upstanding features in the modern landscape.

This volume considers first the history of investigations and changing attitudes towards the monuments before describing the detailed geophysical surveys, excavations and fieldwalking programmes that have been carried out across this landscape in the past twenty years. The author concludes that this was an intensely religious landscape, situated on an important routeway across the Pennines. He considers how people, both those who lived locally and those who travelled long distances to visit the site as a place of pilgrimage, would have experienced and interacted with the monuments. As the publication of the first modern excavations of the Thornborough henges and surrounding landscape, this book will be essential reading for all prehistorians. While of particular importance for academics and students researching the Neolithic and Bronze Age, it will also be of interest to those investigating sacred landscapes more generally.

Author: Jan Harding
260 pages, Info: ISBN 978-1-902771-97-7

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Finds From the Frontier
Material culture in the 4th–5th centuries     

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Finds from the Frontier brings together papers given at a conference held at Newcastle upon Tyne in 2008. Its aim is to elucidate the life of the 4th-century limitanei of Britain through their material culture. The papers consider whether the excavated artefacts justify the traditional implication that the period is one of declining standards and largely come to the conclusion that, on the contrary, the period was rich in artefacts that have much to tell us about the late frontier.

The geographic focus is the broader frontier and is not limited to the traditional line of Hadrian’s Wall itself. Throughout the volume a number of sites have provided key assemblages for interpretation, usually those that have been the focus of modern excavation or re-assessment. The most important aspect of these key sites, other than the fact that they are all fort sites, is that a clear understanding of the stratigraphy has provided good dating evidence for the phases of structural activity. This has allowed the identification of the later material, some of which might otherwise have been attributed to the 2nd or 3rd centuries.

Unlike many works on later Roman Britain, this volume concludes with chapters on the material culture and landscape of the early post-Roman frontier zone and offers suggestions for future research for scholars of both the late Roman and Early Medieval periods.

This book will be of interest to archaeologists, students and museum curators seeking to identify and understand the artefacts and communities of the Military Zone in the latest period of Roman Britain. It will also be of interest to archaeologists working on the other frontiers of the Roman Empire.

Edited by Rob Collins and Lindsay Allason-Jones
161 pages, ISBN 978-1-902771-81-6   

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Infernal Traffic
Excavation of a Liberated African Graveyard in Rupert’s Valley, St Helena

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St Helena Cover image Britain’s abolition of the slave trade in 1807 did not end the traffic of human beings across the Atlantic. Indeed, for many decades to come, hundreds of thousands of enslaved Africans continued to be shipped into slavery. From 1840 to 1872 the remote South Atlantic island of St Helena played a pivotal role in Britain’s efforts to suppress the slave trade, and over this time it received over 25,000 ‘liberated Africans’, taken from slave ships by Royal Navy patrols. Conditions aboard the slavers were appalling, and many did not survive the journey. Rupert’s Valley therefore became a graveyard to many thousands of Africans – ‘a valley of dry bones’ in the words of a visiting missionary.

In 2008 archaeological excavations uncovered a small part of that graveyard, revealing the burials of over 300 victims of the slave trade. It was disposal on a massive scale, with the dead interred in a combination of single, multiple and mass graves. This book presents the finding of the archaeological and osteological study, and in so doing brings the inhumanity of the slave trade into vivid focus. It tells the story of a group of children and young adults who had lived in Africa only a few weeks prior to their death on St Helena, and whose remains bear witness to the cruelty of their transportation. However, the archaeology also shows them as more than just victims, but also as individuals with a sense of their own identity and culture. The slave trade continues to this day, and although this book is a study of the past it also serves as a reminder of evils that persist into the modern day.

Author: Andrew Pearson, Ben Jeffs, Annsofie Witkin, Helen MacQuarrie
204 pages, ISBN: 978-1-902771-89-2

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Interrupting the Pots
Excavation of Cleatham Anglo-Saxon Cemetery

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The Cleatham cemetery in North Lincolnshire is, with over 1200 cremations and 62 burials, England’s third largest Anglo-Saxon cemetery. It was in use throughout the early Anglo-Saxon period from the mid-5th century to the late 7th century. Following full excavation, the site was analysed in detail and it proved possible to phase the inter-cut urns and a sequence of five phases was constructed. This phasing was applied to the grave goods found within the urns, giving an insight into the sequence of metalwork, beads, combs etc. Direct links were found between urns from Cleatham and those from other cemeteries in Anglian England. The 62 graves proved interesting and revealed some unusual burial practices. Intensive fieldwalking carried out in the surrounding parishes allowed the cemetery to be placed in context. In 2006 the author received the Award for the Presentation of Heritage Research for his work at Cleatham.

Author: Kevin Leahy
250 pages, ISBN: 9781902771717

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La Grava
The Archaeology and History of a Royal Manor and Alien Priory of Fontevrault

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The site of La Grava (or Grove Priory) in Bedfordshire, excavated in advance of quarrying between 1973 and 1985, was one of the most extensive monastic/manorial projects of the 20th century in the UK. Excavated originally as a medieval religious house, identified as an alien priory of the Order of Fontevrault in Anjou, the site was to reveal settlement from the Romano-British period to the 16th century. Granted to the Order of Fontevrault in 1164, the priory became the home of the Procurator of the Order in England. From the later 14th century the site reverted to a lay establishment and was held by high-ranking royal women.

The excavations were notable for several reasons, including their extent, the stratification in the remains, and the continuity of settlement from the late Saxon period onwards. Post-excavation analysis and reconstruction of building plans has led the author to suggest detailed sequences of spatial planning across the site. The royal and ecclesiastic connections to the site provided excellent documentary sources, enabling recorded events to be linked to building works. When combined with the large finds assemblage, and detailed reconstruction drawings, a vivid picture of life at La Grava over several centuries can be painted. As the publication of one of the largest medieval excavation projects of the 20th century, this book will appeal to a wide readership. It will be essential reading for anyone researching medieval settlement, be they archaeologists or historians, providing an almost unparalleled example of a high-status manorial/monastic site. It will be of particular interest to those living or working in Bedfordshire, or with an interest in the East Midlands, and to the many hundreds who worked on the site.

Author: Evelyn Baker
244 pages, ISBN: 978-1-902771-87-8

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Landscape Community and Colonisation
The North Somerset Levels During the 1st to 2nd Millennia AD

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This innovative study examines the changing ways that human communities chose to exploit, modify and ultimately transform their environment over two millennia. Using field archaeology and documentary sources to explore the origins and development of today’s historic landscape, it shows how this individual area – in North West Somerset – cannot be understood in isolation, but must be seen in its wider regional context. It is also shown how individual landscape studies can inform wider debates with regard to the development of society, such as the reasons for local and regional variation in settlement patterns and field systems.

Author: Stephen Rippon
400 pages, ISBN: 1902771672

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The later Anglo-Saxon settlement at Bishopstone
A downland manor in the making

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Well known for the Early Anglo-Saxon settlement previously excavated on Rookery Hill and its impressive pre-Conquest church, Bishopstone has entered archaeological orthodoxy as a classic example of a ‘Middle Saxon Shift’.Sculpture Sundial This volume reports on the excavations from 2002 to 2005 designed to   

investigate this transition, with the focus on the origins of Bishopstone village. Excavations adjacent to St Andrew’s churchyard revealed a dense swathe of later Anglo-Saxon (8th- to late 10th-/early 11th-century) habitation, including a planned complex of ‘timber halls’, and a unique cellared tower. The occupation encroached upon a pre-Conquest cemetery of 43 inhumations.

The report provides a comprehensive analysis, interpretation and academic contextualisation of the archaeological discoveries brought to light by these excavations, the first to sample a later Anglo-Saxon rural settlement in East Sussex on an extensive scale. The inter-disciplinary approach appraises the historical and topographical evidence alongside that recovered during the excavations.

The result is a uniquely informative picture of the emergence and operation of an estate-centre complex in the later Anglo-Saxon landscape, an embodiment of the growth of an increasingly stable and hierarchical settlement pattern which laid the foundations for the English countryside.

This book will be valuable reading for specialists and students working on early medieval settlements from a variety of archaeological and historical perspectives. It will also be of interest to general readers with an interest in the evolution of southern chalklands of England during the post-Roman era.

Author: Gabor Thomas, 
270 pages, ISBN: 9781902771830

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Laying the Foundations
A history and archaeology of the Trent Valley sand and gravel industry

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The aggregates industry is perhaps the quintessential industry of the 20th century, quite literally shaping our world, but its history and archaeology have arguably been neglected. In this ground-breaking new book, the author Tim Cooper attempts to redress the balance with an in-depth but accessible study of the sand and gravel industry of the Trent Valley in the English Midlands.

The book explores an industry at the heart of the economic development of modern Britain. It sets the emerging industry in the context of the Trent Valley region and the tensions between the competing requirements of mineral extraction and agriculture. Drawing heavily on government documents (many newly released under the Freedom of Information Act) which reveal the machinations of post-war planning policy, the archives of major companies and oral testimony of former workers, the author charts the growth of the industry in the 20th century.

The history of the industry went hand in hand with the growing use of concrete which has shaped the world in which we live. The book begins with the geology of the region and the earliest use of the resource. It explores technological developments such as the invention of ‘Ready-Mix Concrete’, and the impact of war, the motorway building programme, and housing demands on the industry. The author then explains the extraction process in detail, illustrated by case studies, and considers the environmental impact of the industry on the landscape. The book concludes with the oral testimony of those who have worked in the industry.

This book will appeal to a variety of readers, from the workers themselves and their families, and the residents of the Midlands, to archaeologists, planners, and social and industrial historians.

Author: Tim Cooper
168 pages, ISBN:  9781902771762

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Lepers Outside the Gate
Excavations at the Cemetery of the Hospital of St. James and St. Mary Magdalene, Chichester

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This report, which forms vol 10 in the Chichester Excavations series, describes and discusses the excavation in 1986–87 and 1993 of almost 400 skeletons from the cemetery of the Hospital of St James and St Mary Magdalene just outside Chichester, West Sussex. Founded as a leper hospital for men in the 12th century, this institution admitted women and children towards the end of the Middle Ages and survived the Reformation by becoming an almshouse for the sick poor.

Part 1 of the report discusses leprosy and contemporary attitudes to it, medieval hospitals and cemeteries, and the provision of charitable care in medieval Chichester.

Part 2 focuses specifically on St James’s Hospital and the archaeology of its cemetery, including dating, layout and the distribution of individuals according to age at death, sex and disease.

Part 3 examines the physical anthropology and palaeopathology of this unique assemblage of skeletons, discussing leprosy, other diseases, dental health, trauma and osteoarthritis.

Part 4 comprises the discussion and interpretation of the site, emphasising the change in the pattern of disease through the period of occupation from the early 12th to the mid-17th century, reflecting both the decline in leprosy in England and the refounding of the hospital as an almshouse.

Author: John Magilton, Frances Lee, Anthea Boylston
312 pages, ISBN: 9781902771748

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Londinium and Beyond

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This exciting volume pays tribute to the work of the archaeologist Harvey Sheldon, who has been involved in the archaeology of London for over four decades. The papers, written by his friends and colleagues in the archaeological community, cover a wide range of subjects connected with the archaeology of Roman London. These are presented under four main themes and are prefaced by a short introduction explaining how they relate to the research framework document for London published in 2002.The volume begins with a section on the chronology and cartography of Roman London, including papers on antiquarian sources, estimates of population, and the city after the departure of the Romans. The second section examines the landscape and environment of Roman London and its hinterland, drawing from a variety of disciplines: subjects covered include the evidence for Roman gardens; the route of the road from London to Colchester; and a gazetteer of tree-ring dates for Roman London.The third part of the book examines themes which are more difficult to identify through the archaeological record, such as education, cults and attitudes to death and burial. In the fourth section of the volume, the rich material culture of Roman London is examined through a series of papers on artefacts, including brooches, inkwells and toilet implements. The book concludes with a review of Harvey Sheldon’s work and a bibliography.

Authors: John Clark, Jonathan Cotton, Jenny Hall, Roz Sherris, Hedley Swain
312 pages, ISBN: 9781902771724

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Mesolithic Occupation at Bouldnor Cliff and the Submerged Prehistoric Landscapes of the Solent

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At the start of the Mesolithic period, some 8000 years ago, sea levels in the North Sea and the English Channel were some 30 to 40m lower than those of today – Britain was a peninsula of northern Europe.

Over the past few decades work by the Hampshire and Wight Trust for Maritime Archaeology has slowly been unearthing a buried archaeological landscape in the Western Solent. Each year, as a result of erosion and rescue excavation, the site at Bouldnor Cliff, 11m below water off the north coast of the Isle of Wight, produces new finds including worked wood, hearths, flint tools, food remains, twisted plant fibres and an enigmatic assemblage of timbers dating to c8100 BP. The material demonstrates technological abilities some 2000 years ahead of those seen on sites in mainland Britain.

This report records the events that led to the discovery of this internationally important site, the methods used to recover the material, and the detailed assessment of the archaeological artefacts. It also explores the processes that have preserved and exposed the landscape and the potential of the wider submerged palaeo-environmental resource to aid our understanding of this period.

It is clear from this and other recent projects that it is in our coastal waters that we should be looking for information on the story of human dispersal and adaptation to sea-level change in north-west Europe at the end of the last Ice Age.

Authors: Garry Momber, David Tomalin, Rob Scaife, Julie Satchell, Jan Gillespie
222 pages, ISBN 978-1-902771-84-7

More information and orders via Oxbow Books.

The New Antiquarians
50 years of archaeological research in Wessex

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For many people, Wessex means Stonehenge, Avebury and the other iconic monuments of prehistory. In reality its chalkland landscapes have played host to a far longer and richer sequence of communities – from Palaeolithic hunters to Iron Age farmers and Roman citizens; from Anglo-Saxon settlers and medieval merchants to the navvies who built the Kennet & Avon Canal and the Australian soldiers who trained for the trenches of the First World War.

In 2008, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Council for British Archaeology’s Wessex group, archaeologists gathered in Southampton to review what we have learnt from the huge amount of research carried out in the region during the past 50 years and to identify the challenges for the next half-century. The conference was also a chance for those involved to tell the exciting story of discovery from their own, personal angle.

The contributors to this volume include many of the UK’s most influential archaeologists of the later 20th century, making this book an overview not only of the history of Wessex, but of the development of archaeological thinking and techniques during this period. Interspersed amongst these papers are profiles of the region’s most influential sites and the memories of some of its leading characters.

Editor: Rowan Whimster
256 pages, ISBN 978-1-902771-85-4

More information and orders via Oxbow Books.

People and the Sea:
A Maritime Archaeological Research Agenda for England

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The volume presents the conclusions of a research assessment funded by English Heritage which drew together the broad community of scholars interested in marine and maritime affairs (be they working in academia, industry or a-vocationally), with a remit of both quantifying the known record and establishing a clear research agenda for the future. The result is an unrivalled exploration of our maritime heritage and a challenging agenda for the future.

Britain is a maritime nation. Thus understanding the changing record of people¹s relationships with, and use of the sea is key to interpreting the archaeological record. People and the Sea considers all aspects of our maritime heritage; from the submerged landscapes created by changes in sea- level over the last million years, to the physical development of the modern coastline, through to ports, their hinterlands and associated maritime communities. It investigates the nature of seafaring, its associated material culture as well as people¹s changing perceptions and interactions with the sea. Chronological chapters, from the Palaeolithic to the 20th century, all consider a number of key themes, exploring both the current state of knowledge and priorities for future research. While the focus is on England, the themes explored are applicable to any coastal community, both in the UK and the near Continent. Written by leading academics, in consultation with numerous specialists, People and the Sea provides an unrivalled exploration of our maritime heritage and sets a challenging agenda for future research.

Author: Edited by Jesse Ransley, Fraser Sturt, Justin Dix, Jon Adams and Lucy Blue
272 pages, ISBN: 978-1-902771-93-9

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Renewed Life for Scottish Castles

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Castles, both ruined and occupied, are amongst the most deeply evocative buildings in the Scottish landscape. This book considers the history of the conservation and restoration of a number of those buildings against the background of what the idea of the castle has meant to Scots over the centuries.

The authors draw on their extensive knowledge of castles across Scotland, as well as on their practical experience in advising on recent conservation and restoration projects. They begin by briefly considering the history of castles and by exploring their role in Scottish society, before moving on to consider the ways in which they were absorbed within later building complexes as domestic requirements and social aspirations changed.

As part of the history of the appreciation of castles, their retention as ruins in the rugged Scottish scenery is considered in relation to the fashion for picturesque and sublime landscapes in the 17th and 18th centuries. Following an account of the vogue for Romantic restoration, there is discussion of how a growing appreciation that such buildings contain important architectural and archaeological evidence has shaped more recent projects.

A series of detailed case studies then examines the issues surrounding the conservation and restoration of castles in modern times, which it is hoped will be of value for everyone with an interest in castles, including those who might be considering undertaking work on one.

Authors: Richard Fawcett, Allan Rutherford
196 pages, ISBN 978-1-902771-86-1

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A Roman Villa at the Edge of Empire:
Excavations at Ingleby Barwick, Stockton-on-Tees, 2003–04

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Located on the south side of the River Tees, in north-east England, the Roman villa at Ingleby Barwick is one of the most northerly in the Roman Empire. Discovered originally through aerial photography and an extensive programme of evaluation, the site was excavated in 2003-04 in advance of housing development. Unusually for the region, the site demonstrated evidence for occupation from the later prehistoric period through to the Anglo-Saxon. The excavations at Ingleby Barwick are significant not only for their scale but also for being carried out under modern recording conditions, allowing for extensive and detailed analysis of the finds. The villa is also a rare example of a Roman civilian site in the hinterland of Hadrian’s Wall.

The Roman winged corridor villa and its outlying stone structures were surrounded by an extensive layout of rectilinear enclosures. While the main villa building was preserved in situ, excavation of the surrounding area revealed features such as ovens and paved surfaces, as well as rare finds such as a glass tableware vessel probably from Egypt and a large hoard of metalwork. The pottery has allowed a detailed phasing of the site to be proposed, while the environmental evidence reveals the villa to have been a working farm. As the publication of the first modern excavation of a Roman villa in the north of England, this book will be essential reading for all Roman specialists. The continuity of settlement found at the site, from prehistory to the Anglo-Saxon period, will make it of great interest to all those working or researching in North-east England. At the same time, it is a fascinating read for all archaeologists, be they professional, students or interested amateurs.

Edited by P. Carne and Steven Willis, 
244 pages, ISBN: 978-1-902771-90-8

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Sutton Common
The excavation of an Iron Age ‘marsh-fort’

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Sutton Common in South Yorkshire is one of the best-known Iron Age multivallate sites in lowland Britain. This volume describes the results of the large-scale excavations undertaken here between 1998 and 2003, which have provided unparalleled insights into the function and meaning of this 4th-century BC ‘marsh-fort’. Sutton Common is described as a place where the social identity of the local community was reinforced through the construction of the physical representation of the idea of community, using a bank-and-ditch arrangement that resembles the defences used elsewhere, particularly at hillforts. No houses were found within the enclosure, but some 150 four-post structures were excavated, many containing deposits of charred grain in one or two of their postholes. This well-dated site makes significant contributions to the debates on prehistoric enclosure, cosmology, food storage, and mortuary practices in prehistoric Britain and Europe.

Authors: Robert Van de Noort, Henry P Chapman, John R Collis
240 pages, ISBN: 9781902771700

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Where Rivers Meet
The archaeology of Catholme and the Trent-Tame confluence

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This book is the story of an area of landscape in the English Midlands from earliest prehistory to around AD 900. Although it looks like a typical rural landscape, archaeological research, much of it in advance of quarrying, has revealed that this area has a long and remarkable history of occupation stretching back to the Ice Age.

In particular, at Catholme the project has revealed monuments from the Neolithic and Bronze Age so spectacular they would have been comparable with sites such as Stonehenge and Durrington Walls. The project has brought together all the previous research for the area to create a full history for this important landscape, which remains under threat from quarrying.

The book also looks at the various archaeological techniques used to explore the landscape, from the usual aerial photography, geophysical prospection and excavation, to more recent techniques such as LiDAR and the potential of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to manipulate and present the data.

Written in an accessible style and extensively illustrated in colour, this book examines the archaeology of a little-known area of the English Midlands, but presents ground-breaking research into prehistory, which will be of interest to archaeologists, students and local people. The book will also appeal to anyone with an interest in the wider landscape of the Midlands, from prehistory almost to the Norman Conquest.

Author: Simon Buteux, Dr Henry Chapman
200 pages, ISBN: 9781902771786

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